How to be certain no longer fertile?

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Question from Website Question: How can I be certain that I am no longer fertile? I have not had a menstrual cycle since September 2003.
Answers - Kutluk Oktay, M.D. You should see a reproductive endocrinologist in your area to have your FSH levels measured, and have an ultrasound so they can see your ovaries to determine if there is any egg loss taking place. The main concern here is whether chemotherapy resulted in early menopause.
Marisa Weiss, M.D. Each one of us has had quite a few women in our practice that may stop menstruating for one or two years, and then resume menstruation. But as Dr. Oktay says, the number of additional years that menstruation will continue is likely to be less than normal. That means that even if you do resume menstruating, you may not menstruate as long as you would have, had you not had the chemotherapy.
Kutluk Oktay, M.D. Also, some women may resume menstruation, but not be regular. Some of the bleeding might be from the endometrium (lining of the uterus) due to the effects of tamoxifen. So what you perceive as menstruation may be from other sources. If menstruation resumes after a long period of time, you should have a gynecological exam to make sure there are no other causes of bleeding.

The Ask-the-Expert Online Conference called Pregnancy and Fertility Issues featured Kutluk Oktay, M.D., Leslie Schover, Ph.D., and moderator Marisa Weiss, M.D. answering your questions about pregnancy and fertility before, during, and after breast cancer treatment, as well as the options of adoption and gestational carriers (surrogate mothers).

Editor's Note: This conference took place in August 2004.

The materials presented in these conferences do not necessarily reflect the views of A qualified healthcare professional should be consulted before using any therapeutic product or regimen discussed. All readers should verify all information and data before employing any therapies described here.

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