Stage IA and IB

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Treatment Options STAGE IA and IB

tumor less than or equal to 2 cm; the cancer has not spread outside the breast; no lymph nodes involved (IA) OR
no tumor in the breast; instead, small groups of cancer cells greater than 0.2 mm but not greater than 2 mm are found in the lymph nodes (IB) OR
tumor in the breast less than 2 cm AND small groups of cancer cells greater than 0.2 mm but not greater than 2 mm in the lymph nodes (IB)

Treatment to the Breast

total mastectomy; radiation after mastectomy only rarely needed

OR

lumpectomy plus radiation

OR

very occasionally, lumpectomy alone, with or without internal radiation -- only for a limited subset of women

Treatment to the Lymph Nodes

sentinel lymph node biopsy, also known as sentinel lymph node dissection (preferred approach)

OR

axillary lymph node biopsy

Chemotherapy

chemotherapy may be given to reduce the risk of recurrence

Hormonal Therapy

hormonal therapy used for people with hormone-receptor-positive cancer

Targeted Therapy

targeted therapy may be used for women with cancers that have certain characteristics (for example, cancers with too many HER2 receptors)

Treatment to Other Parts of the Body

does not apply

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