Brand name: Cytoxan
Chemical name: Cyclophosphamide
Class: Alkylating agent chemotherapy. Thiotepa is another alkylating agent.
How it works: Alkylating agents weaken or destroy breast cancer cells by damaging the cells’ genetic material.
Uses: Cytoxan usually is given in combination with other chemotherapy medicines. It's typically used:
- after surgery and other treatments to reduce the risk of early-stage breast cancer coming back
- before surgery to shrink large advanced-stage breast cancer tumors
- after surgery and other treatments to treat advanced-stage breast cancer
How it's given: Cytoxan can be taken orally as a pill or given intravenously.