Tax Deductions for Treatment

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In the United States, you may be able to deduct a percentage of your treatment costs from your federal taxes if you meet certain requirements. To deduct medical expenses, you have to list every deduction you are taking. This is called "itemizing" your deductions.

For tax years 2017 and 2018, you would be able to write off qualifying medical expenses that exceed 7.5% of your adjusted gross income. After that, the threshold is projected to return to 10% of adjusted gross income, although tax policies can change from year to year. Your adjusted gross income is your taxable income minus any adjustments to income such as deductions, contributions to a traditional IRA, and student loan interest.

Examples of deductible medical expenses include:

  • preventive care
  • treatments and surgeries
  • dental and vision care
  • visits to psychologists and psychiatrists
  • prescription medications
  • appliances such as glasses, contacts, false teeth, and hearing aids
  • travel costs related to medical care, such as mileage, bus fare, and parking fees

You cannot include any medical expenses for which you were reimbursed by your employer or insurance plan.

Itemizing deductions can be complicated, and there are many rules based on your income and filing status. To ensure that you're including everything that you can and nothing that you can't, you may want to talk to a tax preparation expert or a certified public account. The American Institute of Certified Public Accountants has a tax planning section that may provide helpful information.


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